How to Build a Deck Frame

How to Build a Deck Frame

when your deck posts are all hooked up, its time to build the deck body. The body on this academic basically represents all of the number one assist beams that your deck will require the perimeter, of route, and additionally some beams walking via the center of the deck perimeter to help the middle sections of the deck ground. This method is virtually pretty easy and simple, so theres no need to procrastinate to any extent further. lets get to it!

Youll want to begin putting in your deck frame on the sturdiest, maximum stable factor to your deck. within the case that youre mounting to your house, that factor is in which the deck starts offevolved to depart the house. measure from one nook to the farthest corner of your outer submit. (optionally available: relying on the lengths of lumber that you are handling, it may make more feel so that you can upload 3 to this dimension and feature your outer body make bigger 3 beyond the corner in this aspect. This connection may be explained later.)

reduce two pieces of two×6 pretreated lumber to this duration.

clamp the two portions of lumber collectively in directions: (1) to keep the forums pressed together, and (2) to maintain the sides of the forums flush with every different.

Use 2-half of exterior wood screws to attach the boards. a couple of screws each 2 or so is lots; you dont want to head wild right here.

In the example that your outer deck body abuts with a wall-hooked up deck frame, a placing bracket wont work due to the fact one side of it has not anything to attach to but air.

Use a heavy duty kreg jig to drill 4 pocket holes into your doubled-up 2×6, on each side at one give up.

Have your 2-half heavy obligation pocket screws accessible.

Prop the doubled-up 2x6s up so the tops of the lumber are flush with the relationship lumber (in this situation, the wall-installed lumber). Use 2-1/2 heavy responsibility pocket screws to connect the forums.

deploy pocket screws into all four pocket holes, two in line with aspect. The outdoor edges of your corner ought to now be flush.


location a level for your doubled-up deck frame forums to peer in which it's going to connect to the nook publish.

In the example that you are attaching this doubled-up 2×6 to a bracketed 2×6 cedar pergola post, youll be aware that the heads of your lag bolts and washers extend outward, this means that that your deck frame wont be capable of lie flush onto your posts that you labored so hard to make even and rectangular and degree.

Dont fear. clearly use a hammer and chisel to remove the part of your deck frame with a purpose to cross over pinnacle of the bolt heads.

measure how far out the bolt heads and washers increase, and degree the dimensions of the bracket rectangle itself, then chisel out that a great deal.

Set a degree on the doubled-up boards, and make sure its stage as you align the floating stop with the post.

preserving the extent and your doubled-up deck frame boards in area, predrill holes to your lag bolts (try to reach the drill bit into the nook submit if you can). Drill out approximately half deep with a removal bit this is slightly bigger than your washers.

this can permit the bolt heads to go into the lumber, in place of stick out, to be able to help immensely while you go to deploy your exterior deck boards.

Use a ratchet drill bit to put in your lag bolts WITH WASHERS. Dont ever forget about the washers on these. (those are three/8 diameter 4 lengthy lag bolts, that is lengthy sufficient due to the countersinking.)


As you could see, the face of your deck body is flush, with the lag bolts countersunk into the pretreated lumber.

install a full lag bolt and washer to hold the board in area whilst you do the alternative lag bolt. Repeat the method for a 2nd lag bolt. you may set up a third and/or fourth if youd like, however its now not essential.

Now that the two corners are hooked up, use the same lag bolt procedure for attaching the doubled-up deck body to any middle 4×4 posts.

Now that the primary doubled-up deck frame perimeter piece is set up, youll use its end to start your 2d phase. This subsequent phase may be mounted similar to the primary, with a few things to hold in thoughts.

when you degree this 2nd stretch of outer deck framing, youll need to degree to a mountable point. In this case, it turned into midway thru our 2d pergola publish. you may find yours to hit a 4×four publish; measure to the midway factor of this so that both ends may be connected.

additionally, and this is very critical, youll need to degree from the OUTER nook of your body. In this case, now that weve delivered a doubled-up lumber body, youll degree to the out of doors nook of those forums instead of the corner of the post. The nook of the put up means nothing to you anymore, with relation to frame board duration. (but, in case you chose at the start to add 3 for your authentic board length and also have a 3 overhang of doubled-up deck framing, youll degree to the inner of these boards.)

happily, the bracket of your pergola publish most effective must be handled on one aspect, so as a minimum one in every of your deck frame installations wont require chiseling. Hooray!

start the next segment of deck body set up at the stop factor of the last segment, which need to be at the center of a deck frame post. lag bolts must offer plenty of guide at each submit, if youve achieved the studies and spaced the boards out in keeping with advocated spatial-weight ratios.

whilst you come to a degree on your deck that doesnt allow you to mount a bracket, neither does it permit you to installation pocket screws onto both facets of your doubled-up framing forums, you may have to get creative.

on this example, pocket holes were drilled on one aspect of the doubled-up boards as well as at the top.

A 6 corner bracket become then mounted with #8 nails to feature additional assist.

while its no longer how a deck would be framed in the suitable international, you sometimes should get creative while managing limitations and retrofitting something in region. This setup will offer plenty of help in this little nook.

word, once more, the way you need to carefully do not forget which side of a nook can accommodate the extra 3 period of your boards. You cant genuinely degree to the corner of the post on each sides, because that might leave you with a 3 clean rectangular at the very outer corner of your deck.

In a few instances, the lag screws need to be hooked up from the submit aspect out to the doubled-up deck body. That takes place whilst theres a everlasting obstacle at the outer edge that wont permit access to that side of the deck body. If that is the case, countersink approximately 1 into your four×four submit in order that a four lag screw will hit into the second one (outer) 2×6 pretreated lumber of your deck body.

some sections of your deck frame might contain a selection of those deck framing methods, and thats flawlessly best so long as every is set up with sufficient guide in its very own right.

At this point, following this recurring procedure, you need to have finished the outer perimeter of your deck frame.

It cant be pressured sufficient, as you figure on this, to check and double-check for level and flush at each point. Being specific and accurate at this level of the sport will not simplest make it less difficult for you as you start working on the deck floor, but it'll additionally make the stop end result flip out a good deal better.

depending on the size of your deck, although, you could need to add in a chunk more framing for guide. This deck can be 14 via approximately 25 at the longest factor, so we can need additional framing beams going for walks across the deck. note: deploy those help beams inside the equal course as you need your deck floor boards to run.

together with your tape aligned on the edges of the posts that you'll be the usage of for those aid boards, measure from the inside edges of your deck body. Mark this length on two 2×6 pretreated lumber boards, and cut them one by one. Stack the forums and provide them a two-directional clamping all the manner down the boards.

once more, youll want to screw those boards collectively.

these beams will be in the center of your deck and, accordingly, will deliver the majority of your deck assist duties. 5 lag screws may be used for those.

retaining the doubled-up forums in area, flush towards the two posts that they may be using for help, region a double 2×6 bracket in opposition to the wall-hooked up framing board.

Mark the location of the bracket, including the internal facets and the pinnacle. ensure that a helper is holding the other give up of the beam flush and in line on the other facet of your deck frame, so that your markings are accurate. be aware that the bracket will now not be mounted flush with the pinnacle of the two×6 frame; instead, it'll be installed a touch bit decrease so that the beam it holds is flush.

Use #8 nails again to put in the bracket, the usage of your pencil marks as tips.

area the beam into the bracket.

Pound in the extra nails into the beam lumber; there need to be two diagonal nails into every of the 2x6s to your doubled-up beam.

clamp the opposite end of your beam in location, retaining all edges flush and paying specific interest to the tops of your framing forums. these need to be calmly flat.

deploy the alternative quit of your put up the usage of the equal steps for deck frame set up that youve used formerly: predrill, drill countersinking hole, ratchet in lag screw and washer. Repeat.

subsequent, circulate onto mounting your beam to the center publish, seeing that each ends are actually firmly set up.

Youll probably want to clamp the beam to the publish while youre predrilling and ratcheting in the lag screws. although its flush initially, the beam has an inclination to push away from the put up as youre screwing it in.

Repeat for the opposite middle beams.

Congratulations! Youve completed putting in the principle help beams to your deck.

next will come joists, mounted perpendicular to the beams.

but, for a minute, sit back and revel in what youve created thus far. Its turning into a reality, and youre getting things carried out. nicely finished.

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