How to Build a Deck Frame

How to Build a Deck Frame

while your deck posts are all established, its time to construct the deck frame. The frame in this academic basically represents all the primary support beams that your deck would require the perimeter, of course, and also some beams going for walks via the middle of the deck perimeter to assist the center sections of the deck floor. This technique is genuinely quite easy and simple, so theres no need to procrastinate any further. shall we get to it!

Youll want to begin putting in your deck body at the sturdiest, most stable factor for your deck. in the case that youre mounting to your house, that factor is where the deck starts to leave the residence. measure from one corner to the farthest nook of your outer submit. (optionally available: depending on the lengths of lumber which you are handling, it could make extra sense for you to upload three to this measurement and have your outer body make bigger 3 beyond the corner on this facet. This connection can be explained later.)

reduce pieces of two×6 pretreated lumber to this length.

clamp the 2 pieces of lumber collectively in guidelines: (1) to preserve the forums pressed together, and (2) to maintain the edges of the boards flush with every different.

Use 2-1/2 outdoors wood screws to connect the forums. multiple screws every 2 or so is plenty; you dont want to go wild here.

In the instance that your outer deck frame abuts with a wall-established deck body, a hanging bracket wont paintings due to the fact one side of it has not anything to attach to but air.

Use a heavy responsibility kreg jig to drill 4 pocket holes into your doubled-up 2×6, on every facet at one cease.

Have your 2-half heavy duty pocket screws on hand.

Prop the doubled-up 2x6s up so the tops of the lumber are flush with the relationship lumber (in this case, the wall-set up lumber). Use 2-1/2 heavy responsibility pocket screws to connect the boards.

install pocket screws into all four pocket holes, according to aspect. The outdoor edges of your nook have to now be flush.


area a level in your doubled-up deck body boards to peer where it's going to attach to the corner submit.

In the instance which you are attaching this doubled-up 2×6 to a bracketed 2×6 cedar pergola put up, youll word that the heads of your lag bolts and washers amplify outward, which means that your deck frame wont be able to lie flush onto your posts that you worked so tough to make even and square and degree.

Dont worry. actually use a hammer and chisel to cast off the portion of your deck body as a way to cross over pinnacle of the bolt heads.

measure how a long way out the bolt heads and washers expand, and degree the size of the bracket rectangle itself, then chisel out that a great deal.

Set a stage at the doubled-up forums, and make sure its level as you align the floating give up with the post.

retaining the level and your doubled-up deck body forums in region, predrill holes to your lag bolts (try to reach the drill bit into the corner put up if you may). Drill out approximately half deep with a elimination bit that is barely bigger than your washers.

this could allow the bolt heads to enter the lumber, in place of stick out, a good way to help immensely while you go to deploy your outdoors deck boards.

Use a ratchet drill bit to put in your lag bolts WITH WASHERS. Dont ever forget the washers on these. (these are three/eight diameter four lengthy lag bolts, that's long enough due to the countersinking.)


As you could see, the face of your deck frame is flush, with the lag bolts countersunk into the pretreated lumber.

installation a full lag bolt and washing machine to hold the board in place at the same time as you do the opposite lag bolt. Repeat the procedure for a 2nd lag bolt. you could install a 3rd and/or fourth if youd like, but its no longer necessary.

Now that the two corners are established, use the identical lag bolt system for attaching the doubled-up deck body to any middle 4×4 posts.

Now that the first doubled-up deck frame perimeter piece is established, youll use its end to begin your 2d section. This subsequent section may be set up just like the first, with a few things to hold in mind.

whilst you measure this second stretch of outer deck framing, youll want to measure to a mountable point. In this example, it became halfway thru our 2nd pergola post. you may locate yours to hit a 4×four submit; measure to the midway factor of this so that each ends may be connected.

also, and that is very crucial, youll need to measure from the OUTER nook of your body. In this situation, now that weve delivered a doubled-up lumber body, youll degree to the outdoor corner of these boards instead of the nook of the submit. The corner of the post method nothing to you anymore, with relation to border board length. (but, if you chose at the start to feature three in your original board period and also have a 3 overhang of doubled-up deck framing, youll degree to the interior of these forums.)

happily, the bracket of your pergola put up handiest has to be treated on one side, so at the least considered one of your deck body installations wont require chiseling. Hooray!

start the following phase of deck body set up on the cease factor of the remaining phase, which ought to be on the middle of a deck frame put up. two lag bolts need to offer lots of help at each post, if youve done the studies and spaced the forums out according to endorsed spatial-weight ratios.

when you come to a point to your deck that doesnt will let you mount a bracket, neither does it assist you to deploy pocket screws onto each facets of your doubled-up framing forums, you might ought to get innovative.

on this example, pocket holes have been drilled on one facet of the doubled-up forums as well as at the pinnacle.

A 6 nook bracket was then mounted with #8 nails to feature extra help.

while its now not how a deck could be framed in the proper international, you sometimes need to get creative whilst dealing with boundaries and retrofitting some thing in area. This setup will offer masses of guide on this little corner.

notice, again, the way you should carefully take into account which side of a nook can accommodate the extra 3 period of your forums. You cant certainly degree to the corner of the put up on each sides, due to the fact that could go away you with a 3 blank rectangular on the very outer corner of your deck.

In some times, the lag screws need to be mounted from the submit side out to the doubled-up deck body. That occurs when theres a permanent obstacle on the periphery that wont permit get right of entry to to that facet of the deck frame. If this is the case, countersink about 1 into your 4×four put up in order that a four lag screw will hit into the second one (outer) 2×6 pretreated lumber of your deck body.

some sections of your deck frame might incorporate a diffusion of these deck framing strategies, and thats perfectly great as long as every is hooked up with sufficient aid in its own right.

At this point, following this habitual process, you must have completed the outer perimeter of your deck body.

It cant be burdened enough, as you figure on this, to test and double-take a look at for degree and flush at each factor. Being particular and correct at this level of the sport will not only make it easier for you as you begin working on the deck ground, however it'll additionally make the give up end result flip out tons better.

relying on the size of your deck, though, you may need to feature in a piece more framing for support. This deck will be 14 by approximately 25 at the longest point, so we are able to want two extra framing beams running across the deck. notice: set up these assist beams within the identical route as you need your deck floor boards to run.

with your tape aligned on the perimeters of the posts that you'll be the use of for these aid forums, degree from the interior edges of your deck body. Mark this duration on 2×6 pretreated lumber forums, and cut them separately. Stack the boards and give them a -directional clamping all the way down the boards.

all over again, youll want to screw those boards together.

these beams will be within the middle of your deck and, for this reason, will deliver the majority of your deck help obligations. 5 lag screws will be used for these.

holding the doubled-up boards in location, flush in opposition to the 2 posts that they will be the use of for support, vicinity a double 2×6 bracket in opposition to the wall-installed framing board.

Mark the placement of the bracket, together with the internal facets and the top. make sure that a helper is keeping the alternative stop of the beam flush and in line on the opposite aspect of your deck frame, in order that your markings are correct. note that the bracket will now not be mounted flush with the pinnacle of the 2×6 frame; rather, it is going to be hooked up a little bit decrease in order that the beam it holds is flush.

Use #8 nails again to put in the bracket, the use of your pencil marks as hints.

vicinity the beam into the bracket.

Pound within the additional nails into the beam lumber; there have to be two diagonal nails into every of the 2x6s for your doubled-up beam.

clamp the alternative quit of your beam in area, retaining all edges flush and paying specific attention to the tops of your framing boards. those need to be flippantly flat.

install the other quit of your submit the use of the equal steps for deck body set up that youve used previously: predrill, drill countersinking hole, ratchet in lag screw and washing machine. Repeat.

next, pass onto mounting your beam to the center put up, for the reason that both ends are actually firmly installed.

Youll in all likelihood need to clamp the beam to the put up whilst youre predrilling and ratcheting in the lag screws. even if its flush to start with, the beam has a tendency to push away from the put up as youre screwing it in.

Repeat for the other center beams.

Congratulations! Youve finished putting in the principle aid beams for your deck.

next will come joists, hooked up perpendicular to the beams.

however, for a minute, sit down returned and revel in what youve created thus far. Its becoming a reality, and youre getting matters executed. well done.

Source: here